Jammu & Kashmir, the most colorful state of India, is located 32.17’ and 37.96’ North latitude and 73-26’ and 80-36’ East longitude, falling in western Himalayan region of the country. The state is endowed with ample natural resources including soil, water diversity in topography, climatic conditions, and rich natural flora facilitating the cultivation of a wide range of flowers. The vale of Kashmir is famous for its beauty and bounty across the length and breadth of the globe is blessed with the richness in bio-diversity of mighty Himalayas. The nature has been kind enough in providing unique / congenial agro-climatic conditions, owing to which our valley is best, suited for flower production. The demand for flowers is increasing tremendously with the changing scenario of progressive economy, changing life style and changes in social values of people of the country. Man’s love and demand for flowers and floricultural products at national & international level, is the driving force for floricultural industry to become one of the most expanding & dynamic enterprise in today’s world. A large variety of flowers yield essential oils which are used not only in the manufacture of perfumes but also in pharmaceutical & cosmetic industries. Among the essential oils, Rose & lavender flower oils are pro-claimed to be the most beautifying. Rose is highly esteemed for the Otto of Rose (Rose oil). Due to suitable agro- climatic conditions both rose and lavender from their flowers can be exported, since there is a great demand of oils both within & outside the country.
Floriculture has been identified as the major thrust area for export. Keeping in view the tremendous potential of Floriculture Kashmir, Department of Agriculture is making all possible efforts to boost the floriculture industry/development of commercial floriculture in the state. Under centrally sponsored scheme, Model Floriculture Center has been established at Nunar, Ganderbal in order to import quality germplasm for acclimatization & further multiplication, and then provide the same on reasonably reduced rates to the interested growers/ other agencies of the state for its commercial cultivation. The department has recently established Herbal Garden at Lalmandi with the objective to boost the economic behavior of farming community by cultivation of medicinal/ herbal plants on commercial scale. These herbs fetch premium prices & will emerge as income generation activity.
Budget Allocation for the year 2012-13 (Non Plan):
2401 - Crop Husbandry 2250- Other Social Services
(Rs in lacs)
Flori. Dev. Kashmir = 40.12 Dir. Agri Kashmir = 30.01
Plant Protection Scheme = 5.93 Production Nuclus seeds = 27.91
Tehsil Dev. Scheme = 7.73 Zoological and Public Garden = 15.56
Total = 53.78 =73.48
Leave Salary =2.54